12/07/2016

Rohingyas: cette minorité musulmane dont les droits sont violés par la Birmanie de Daw Aung San Suu Kyi et les moines boudhistes.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Birmanie, Rohingya, ONU, Human rights, doits de l'homme, MyanmarSuite de mon interpellation au Haut commissaire des droits de l'Homme de l'ONU dont les services m'ont écrit ce jour. Quoiqu'il en soit, je resterai vigilant sur cette question comme sur tant d'autres. Notre liberté n'a de sens que si nos soeurs et frères de toute obédience, de toutes les minorités, sur toutes les latitudes, sont libres d'être eux-mêmes. Sinon à quoi bon de parler d'égalité de l'Humanité, born equal !!! 

" Dear Gorgui,

Thanks for sharing. As far as OHCHR is concerned, we continue to use the term 'Rohingya' based on the principle of self-identification. The High Commissioner used it in his recent report to the Human Rights Council in the situation of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar (A/HRC/3218) and also in his oral statement to the Council on 29 June.

I've extracted a couple of quotes from his oral statement of 29 June (attached): "My report today confirms the need to urgently address the serious human rights violations affecting the Rohingya and other minorities....

Significant expectations rest with the new Government that took office in April 2016 and I am encouraged by early signs of acknowledgement that change is needed. From the outset, let me acknowledge that this Government is the most ethnically diverse in decades, and that it has already taken some initial steps to address the situation of minorities in the country. These include the creation of a Ministry of Ethnic Affairs, and proposals for a 21st century Panglong Peace Conference. I also note that on 30 May, the Government set up a Central Committee on the Implementation of Peace, Stability and Development of Rakhine State, chaired by the State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.

It is vital that these initial steps move towards a major and comprehensive effort to address the entrenched discrimination against minorities which my report identifies. The new Government has inherited a structure of laws and policies that deny fundamental rights to minorities, and decades of impunity for serious violations against these communities has encouraged ongoing violence against them. Just last week, an unidentified mob attacked and partially destroyed a mosque and other properties in the Bago Region of Myanmar, a stark reminder of the need to take urgent steps to prevent and counter acts of incitement to discrimination, violence and hatred.

I believe that a strong effort to address violations against minorities will be essential, to provide all the people of Myanmar with a safe and peaceful environment, and to enable Myanmar’s transition to sustainable development, democracy and peace.

The Myanmar authorities have officially recognized 135 ethnic groups, but the Rohingya are not among them. Most of the Rohingya are rendered stateless and deprived of access to basic economic and social services. Since 1992, successive Special Rapporteurs have documented patterns of widespread and systematic violations against the Rohingya. My report highlights some of these patterns, including arbitrary deprivation of nationality; restriction on freedom of movement; threats to life, liberty and security; sexual and gender-based violence; denial of the rights to health, education and adequate standard of living; protracted displacement; forced labour; human trafficking and migrant smuggling; restrictions based on local orders; and limitation on political rights. The patterns of violations suggest the possible commission of crimes against humanity, if established in a court of law. ..."

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